Dystonic Cerebral Palsy: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Brain disorders are among the most difficult to treat and diagnose. The reason for this is that the brain is a very sensitive part of our body. Any disorder suffered by the brain causes many side effects on the other parts of the body that are being controlled by the brain. This is why many times a brain disorder is misinterpreted as a disease or disorder of the affected part of the body and not the brain. Treating a brain disorder is also very difficult as it involves a lot of careful study of the effects and the damage suffered by the brain. One such brain disorder that is very difficult to treat is Dystonic Cerebral Palsy.

Dystonic Cerebral Palsy is a type of Cerebral Palsy that is caused due to the lack of oxygen supply received by the brain during pregnancy, child birth or after delivery. This type of Cerebral Palsy is found mostly in new born children and affects mostly the limbs of the child. However, the effects of this kind of CP is severe cases can be more far reaching. The parts of the brain that gets damaged in Dystonic Cerebral Palsy are the Cerebellum and the Basal Ganglia.

The most prominent symptoms of Dystonic Cerebral Palsy from which it is characterized are abnormal twisting movements and alternating loose and tight muscles. The patients of this type of Cerebral Palsy do not show very clear signs in the beginning. However, when they start growing and reach a certain age the symptoms of the disorder begin to develop. The parents of the child are the ones who are the first ones to see the symptoms. Sadly, most parents do not pick up the signs at an earlier stage and the disorder persists in the child without getting treated. If the parents are able to read the signs from the onset they can help their child to overcome this disorder quickly.

The diagnosis of Dystonic Cerebral Palsy is not very easy because most of the doctors are not able to see the symptoms clearly and even if they see them they ignore them as being minor problems. The only way to diagnose this Cerebral Palsy is to watch the hands and feet of the child carefully and to monitor his movements. If the child starts making some very abnormal twisting movements and his muscles starts to switch from becoming overly loose to suddenly severely contracted, then there is every chance that the child is suffering from Dystonic Cerebral Palsy.

As is the case with all the types of Cerebral Palsy, Dystonic Cerebral Palsy is also not curable. There are only treatments available that can help a child in overcoming the symptoms and affects caused by the disorder. Just like the diagnosis of this type of CP, the treatment of this disorder is also not very straight forward. The patient has to participate in physical therapy sessions learning how to control his movements. Since the muscles switch continuously from being sloppy to tight, doing exercises is very difficult for the patients. However, the effective results of physical treatment in Dystonic Cerebral Palsy cases suggest that the effort required in doing the exercises pays off for the patients.

Even with the physical treatment bearing some impressive results, there is still need for new treatment methods to be devised for the full and complete treatment of Dystonic Cerebral Palsy. It is true that the damage to the brain sustained due to the lack of oxygen cannot be repaired but ways to ease off the effects of the disorder on the muscles can be found out through research.

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