Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy: Causes and Treatment

There are many forms of diseases that humans are susceptible to but the most dangerous ones that can result in a person being disabled for life are usually concerned with the brain. Because the brain is the most important part of the human body and is responsible for all the actions that our body performs therefore any damage to the brain can cause irreparable damage to the body. Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy is a disorder of the brain that is usually found in infants and new born babies. In this disorder the part of the brain named the Cerebrum is damaged which causes motion impairment.

Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy is a type of Cerebral Palsy in which the motor nerves of the brain get damaged when it is still in the developing phase. Usually only one side of the body is affected in this disorder while the other side remains normal. The side that is affected depends on the side of the brain that has suffered the damage. If the right side of the brain has been damaged then the left side of the body will be affected while if the left side of the brain is damaged then the affected side of the body will be the right side. The extent of the motion impairment suffered by a patient of Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy depends on the severity of damage sustained by the brain.

There are many causes of Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy. Any type of trauma suffered during birth or after it can cause brain damage to a child resulting in Hemiplegic CP. Hereditary diseases are also one of the causes of this disorder. Stokes and infections suffered early on in life can also cause this type of Cerebral Palsy. Regardless of the cause which resulted in the patient contracting this disorder, the effects of the disorder are largely the same with the upper extremity that is the hands being damaged the most. However, the severity of the disorder can vary from patient to patient and some patients can have damaged legs as well as hands.

As far as curing of Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy is concerned, there have been no breakthroughs yet. For the time being this disorder remains incurable. However, many treatment methods have been devised for making the lives of the patients much easier. Since Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy is a non-progressive disease there are no chances of the condition of the patient getting worse. However, the lack of use of the affected parts of the body can result in complications. Therefore, preventive and corrective treatment is required to avoid further complications from taking place.

Most doctors advise physical therapy to the patients of Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy as it greatly improves the patient’s functional capabilities. In addition to physical therapy, occupational therapy is also used for teaching the patients how to cope up with the disorder and how to become more independent in their lives. The results of these two treatments have been fairly encouraging and most of the patients who have undergone these treatments have shown great improvement.

In certain cases where patient’s joints have become rigid or have become out of shape, surgery has to be performed to realign the joints. However, surgery is not a preferred method of treatment for Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy as it is a very painful procedure and does not produce any effective results. Research is on going for finding treatment methods that can help in treating this disorder. Certain medications have also been tested among which the use of Botox injections have proven to be quite effective. However, there is still research needed to identify better treatment methods for treating Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy.

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